Philander Smith College

Division of Humanities


Fall 2014


Course Prefix & Number:  ART-153, 01 (MWF, 11:00-11:50 am)

Course Title:  Art Fundamentals

Credits:  Three semester hours

Classroom:  AC 211

Instructor:  Dr. Jesse J. Hargrove

Office Location:  Titus Academic Center, Suite D, Room 223

Office Hours:  As Posted and By Appointment.

Telephone Number:  (501) 370-5286



Text:  DeWitte, Debra (et al).  (2012). Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts. 

ISBN: 978-0-500-28956-3.  New York:  Thames & Hudson Publishers.


Course Description: 


This course introduces students to the concepts of art appreciation.  The development of aesthetic values, understanding the elements and principles of design, understanding social contexts in which works are/were created, and an appreciation of the art-making process are emphasized.


Course Objectives:


  1. Define aesthetics and understand its purpose.
  2. Apply the theory of aesthetics in discussions on art works.
  3. Select an art medium and produce a work of art for a classroom critique.
  4. Define the elements and principles of design and identify them in a work of art.
  5. Evaluate the use of the elements and principles of design in selected artworks of museums and galleries.
  6. Understand the purpose of art criticism and demonstrate appropriate written and verbal communication to express individual art criticism.
  7. Identify, describe, and evaluate art history content in works of art.
  8. Identify, describe, and evaluate various art-making processes.
  9. Incorporate specific characteristics that encompass multi-cultural/global emphasis, gifted/talented emphasis, and critical thinking exercises into all assignments due for the course.


Course Indicators:  Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:


  1. Identify and evaluate various art-making processes, art history content, art criticism,

aesthetics, and the elements and principles of design.

  1. Defend independent analyses and value judgments about art criticism, aesthetics, and

art history content.

  1. Use the elements and principles of design to analyze and evaluate works of art.
  2. Define and describe various art-making processes, art history content, art criticism,

aesthetics, and the elements and principles of design.


Topical Outline:



What is Art? (and other questions)

p. 26-41

Chapter 1.1

Line, Shape, and Contrast

p. 42-61

Chapter 1.2

3-D Art: Form, Volume,   Mass, & Texture

p. 62-75

Chapter 1.3

Implied Depth: Value and Space

p. 76-91

Chapter 1.4


p. 92-105

Chapter 1.5

Time and Motion

p. 106-115

Chapter 1.6

Unity, Variety, and   Balance

p. 116-127

Chapter 1.7

Scale and Proportion

p. 128-133

Chapter 1.8

Emphasis and Focal Point

p. 134-141

Chapter 1.9

Pattern and Rhythm

p. 142-151

Chapter 1.10

Content and Analysis

p. 152-163

Chapter 2.1


p. 164-179

Chapter 2.2


p. 180-191

Chapter 2.3


p. 192-203

Chapter 2.4

Visual Communication Design

p. 204-211

Chapter 2.5


p. 212-227

Chapter 2.6

Film/Video and Digital Art

p. 228-239

Chapter 2.7

Alternative Media and Processes

p. 240-247

Chapter 2.8

The Tradition of Craft

p. 248-259

Chapter 2.9


p. 260-273

Chapter 2.10


p. 274-291

Chapter 3.1

The Prehistoric & Ancient Mediterranean

p. 292-312

Chapter 3.2

Art of the Middle Ages

p. 313-328

Chapter 3.3

Art of India, China, and Japan

p. 329-346

Chapter 3.4

Art of the Americas

p. 347-363

Chapter 3.5

Art of Africa & the Pacific Islands

p. 364-375

Chapter 3.6

Art of the Renaissance & Baroque Europe

p. 376-397

Chapter 3.7

Art of Europe and America

p. 398-421

Chapter 3.8

20th-21st Centuries: The Age   of Global Art

p. 422-453

Chapter 4.1

Art and Community

p. 454-469

Chapter 4.2

Spirituality and Art

p. 470-483

Chapter 4.3

Art and the Cycle of Life

p. 484-495

Chapter 4.4

Art and Science

p. 496-507

Chapter 4.5

Art and Illusion

p. 508-519

Chapter 4.6

Art and Rulers

p. 520-529

Chapter 4.7

Art and War

p. 530-541

Chapter 4.8

Art of Social Conscience

p. 542-553

Chapter 4.9

The Body in Art

p. 554-567

Chapter 4.10

Art and Gender

p. 568-577

Chapter 4.11


p. 578-589



Course Outline:



Point Value

August 11

Introduction to course and   syllabus review. 

Library Tour. Assignment:   Reynolds Library Black Art Critiques.


August 15

Assign Introduction &   Chapter 1.1 (p. 42-61)


August 18

Black Art Critiques due. Review Intro./Chap. 1.1;   Assign Chp 1.2 (p. 62-75) 


August 20

Review Chapter 1.2.


August 22

Review Chap. 1.2. Assign Chapters   1.3 and 1.4 (p. 76-105)


August 25

Review Chapter 1.3   (p.128-151)


August 27

Review Chapter 1.3   (p.128-151); Assign Chapter 1.4 (92-105)


August 29

Review Chapter 1.4; Assign   Chapters 1.5 and 1.6 (p. 106-127)


September 1



September 3

Review Chapters 1.5 and   1.6.


September 5

Review Chapters 1.5 and   1.6. Assign Chapters 1.7 and 1.8 (p. 128-141)


September 8

Review Chapters 1.7 and   1.8.


September 10

Review   Chapters 1.7 and 1.8. Assign Chapter 1.9 (p. 142-151)


September 12

Examination #1. Review Chapters 1.9. Assign Chapter 1.10 (p. 152-163)  


September 15

Review Chapter 1.10.   Assign Chapters 2.1 and 2.2 (p. 180-203)


September 17

Assign Critique #2. Review Chapter 2.1;


September 19

Review Chapter 2.2; Assign   Chapters 2.3 and 2.4 (p. 192-211)


September 22

Critique #2 due today. Review Chapter 2.3,


September 24

Review Chapter 2.4; Assign   Chapter 2.5 (p. 212-227)


September 26

Review Chapter 2.5; Assign   Chapter 2.6 (p. 228-239)


September 29

Review Chapter 2.6; Assign   Chapters 2.7 and 2.8 (p. 240-259)


October 1

Review Chapter 2.7


October 3

Review Chapter 2.8;   Midterm Examination preview.


October 6-10

Mid-Term Examinations. Assign Chapters 2.9-3.1 (p.   260-312).


October 13

Review   Chapters 2.9-3.1; Assign Chapter 3.2 (p. 313-328)


October 15

Assign Critique #3. Review Chapter 3.2;


October 17

Review   Chapters 3.2; Assign Chapter 3.3 (p. 329-346)


October 20

Review Chapter 3.3.


October 22

Critique   #3 due today.   Review Chapter 3.3;


October 24

Review Chapter 3.3; Assign   Chapter 3.4 (p. 347-363)


October 26

Review Chapter 3.4.  


October 29

Review Chapter 3.4; Assign   Chapter 3.5 (p. 364-375)


October 31

Assign   Critique #4. Review   Chapter 3.5;


November 3

Review Chapter 3.5 ;   Assign Chapter 3.6 (p. 376-397)


November 5

Review Chapter 3.6; Assign   Chapter 3.7 (p. 398-421)


November 7

Critique   #4 due today. Review   Chap. 3.7; Assign Ch 3.8 (p. 422-453)


November 10

Review Chapter 3.8; Assign   Chapters 4.1-4.3 (p. 454-495)


November 12

Review Chapters 4.1-4.3;   Assign Chapters 4.4-4.6 (p. 496-529)


November 14

Review Chapters 4.4-4.6;   Assign Chapters 4.7-4.9 (p. 530-567)


November 17

Review Chapters 4.7-4.9.


November 19

Review Chapters 4.7-4.9;   Assign Chapters 4.10 and 4.11 (p. 568-589)


November 21

Review Chapters 4.10 and   4.11


November 24-28

Fall Break--Thanksgiving   Holiday (No Classes)


December 1

Final Examination (Chapters 1.1through 4.11, p. 42-589)




Assignments, Evaluation Procedures, and Grading Policy:



Points Possible

Art History Critiques (4)


Textbook Quizzes (One per chapter @ 30 points each)


Examination 1


Midterm Examination


Final Examination, (Comprehensive, Chapters   1.1-4.11)


Classroom   Activities (discussions, research, projects)


Assignment Worksheets (4)









To setup Email Access for your Textbook Quizzes, go to

to allow Online Grading by the Instructor.






Submission of Online Assignments Policy:


In the event of late, missing, or incomplete online textbook-based assignments (due to PSC internet server problems), the instructor may allow students to resubmit such class assignments in either 1) printed form, 2) by submission through student email account, or 3) with extended time as a makeup assignment. 

These terms are approved at the discretion of the instructor.


Students who have online problems submitting their work through the internet may be required to provide proof that their assignments did not transmit to the instructor by a given deadline date.  


It is the responsibility of the student to meet assigned deadlines for their work.





The grading scale of this course is based upon the following point totals, with 3,000 points being the highest possible total:


            3,000 – 2,685 total points                              (100% - 90%)                        A

            2,684.9 – 2,385 total points                           (89% - 80%)              B

            2,384.9 – 2,085 total points                           (79% - 70%)              C

            2,084.9 – 1,785 total points                           (69% - 60%)              D

            Below 1,785 total points                                            (59% - 00%)              F



Class Attendance/Participation:


As a class member, you are expected to participate in class discussions.  You should make every effort to be present at all class meetings and be familiar with the readings assigned for the particular session.  Your grade will not be determined by the frequency of your participation, but by the quality of it. Each student is required to have an email address, preferably one from Philander Smith College.


There will be no make-up assignments for class participation.  Attendance and participation are required.   Any excused absence must be reported to the instructor and may require written proof (i.e., doctor's statement, etc.).  An unexcused absence is one in which the student (1) fails to attend a regularly scheduled class, (2) fails to report after the class begins.  Please refer to the current Philander Smith College 2013-2015 Catalog for details. 


Four unexcused absences will lower your course grade by 10%; 5 unexcused absences: 15%. More than 5 unexcused absences will be considered grounds for Administrative Withdrawal from the course.


Sports-related Absences:  Should a student course load demand absences for required sports practice, obtain from your SPORTS instructor a signed permission form and file it with me during the first week of class, listing all dates within the current semester that you will be required to miss this class to attend sports/practice events.



MAKE-UP ASSIGNMENTS (worth up to 75% of the original assignment’s value) are approved at the discretion of the instructor.  Students who have excused absences may qualify for extended time on assignments.   Students with unexcused absences CANNOT do make-up assignments or extra credit work to fulfill requirements of the course.





Disruptions/Cell Phones:  Cellular phones are NOT ENCOURAGED in classrooms while using Internet technology. Please place on silent mode or turn off such devices in class so that the learning environment for classmates may not be distracted. Such devices as Cell Phones, Pagers, MP-3 or I-POD PLAYERS and other electronic sounding devices are considered disruptions to classroom teaching and learning.  Do NOT attempt to receive or to send cellular text messages while in class.   





Examinations for this course will be standardized.  Thus, following the daily course outline and reading the textbook at the required intervals are essential.  The final examination will be comprehensive and related to all textbook readings and/or assignments in this course.




Academic Integrity:


The faculty expects from its students a high level of responsibility and academic honesty.  Because the value of an academic degree depends upon the absolute integrity of the work done by the student for that degree, it is imperative that a student demonstrate a high standard of individual honor in his or her scholastic work.


Scholastic dishonesty: any student who commits an act of scholastic dishonesty is subject to discipline.  Scholastic dishonesty includes but is not limited to cheating, plagiarism, collusion, the submission for credit of any work or materials that are attributable, in whole or in part, to another person; taking an examination for another person; any act designed to give unfair advantage to a student or attempt to commit such acts.


Plagiarism: especially from the web/internet, from portions of papers for other classes, and from any other source is unacceptable and will be dealt with under the college’s policy on plagiarism (see general catalog for details).  This course will use the resources of, which searches the web for possible plagiarism and is over 90% effective.


Technical Support:


If you experience any problems with your PSC
account you may go to the office of Computer Information Services (CIS), located at the [outside] front of the D.W. Reynolds Library or call (501) 370-5336.


Student Grievance Procedures:


Procedures for student grievances are found in the Philander Smith College 2013-2015 Catalog.  Please review the process for “Appealing a Grade” for further information.

Incomplete Grade Policy:

Refer to the Philander Smith College 2013-2015 Catalog policies on “Change of Grade” and “Class Attendance” for further information.


Teaching Strategies:

X         Lecture                                                                                    __        Discovery Learning

X         Discussion/Questioning                                   X         Small Group Activities

X         Cooperative Learning                          X         Demonstration/Modeling/Model

__        Role Playing                                                    __        Technology/Media Presentation

__        Problem Solving                                              __        Team Teaching

__        Individualized Instruction                    __        Other(s) _________________


Teaching Models:


X         Direct Instruction Model                      __        General Inquiry Model

X         Inductive Model                                              X         Deductive Model

Field Experience:

__        Level I             __        Level II            __        Level III           X         N/A


Instructional Resources:                  

(Located in the Philander Smith College Library)

                                    Reynolds Library Art Collection Guide (Access Library’s page, Philander Smith College Website)

                                    A Century of African American Art (AFR 704.039 CEN)

                                    African-American Art and Artists (Black History Ref. Section, 704.0396073 LEW)

                                    African-Americans in the Visual Arts (Black History Ref. Section, 920 OTF)

                                    African American Visual Aesthetics: A Post-modernist View (AFR 704)

                                    A History of African-American Artists (Black History Ref. Section, 920 BEA)

                                    Black Art: A Cultural History (Black History Ref. Section, 704.0396073 POW)

                                    Contemporary Black Biographies (Black History Ref. Section, 920.305)

                                    Creating Their Own Image (Black History Ref. Section, 704.042 FAR)

                                    Elizabeth Catlett (AFR 730.92 HER)

                                    Encyclopedia of African American History: 1896-Present, vol. 1-5 (REF 973 ENC)

                                    Experiencing Art Around Us. Reserved: Instructor’s copy at Circulation Desk.

                                    Free Within Ourselves (Black History Ref. Section, R709.2 P)

                                    Images of Dignity (AFR 741.9 IMA)

                                    National Museum of Women in the Arts (R709.042 NAT)

                                    Oxford History of Art (Black History Ref. Section, 704.0396 PAT)

                                    Picturing America/by National Endowment for the Humanities (Reserved, Circulation Desk)

                                    6 Black Masters of American Art (AFR 709.2 BEA)

                                    Smart Art: Learning to Classify and Critique Art (701.1 HOL)

                                    The Art of Romare Bearden (AFR 709.2 FIN)

                                    The Art of Whitfield Lovell (AFR 709.2 LIP)

                                    The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Western Art (REF 709 ILL)

                                    The Image of the Black in Western Art (Black History Ref. Section, 704.949 I)

                                    The Other Side of Color (R780.13 DRI)

                                    The Praeger Picture Encyclopedia of Art (REF 703 PRA)

                                    To Conserve a Legacy: American Art from Hist. Black Colleges & Univ. (AFR 704.03 POW)                                          Understanding Art, vol. 1-2 (REF 709.2 UND)


Readings:                   Articles and research from current (last five years) professional, educationally,

                                                appropriate journals.


Websites:           and others:











Students with Disabilities Policy:     This course adheres to the students with disabilities policy

                                                                                                                        outlined in the Philander Smith College 2013-2015 Catalog.


Attendance Policy:    This course adheres to the attendance policy outlined in the Philander Smith College 2013-2015 Catalog.




Adams, Laurie. (2011). Art across Time: Volume I – Prehistory to the 14th Century (4th edition).

            NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.


Archer, Michael.  (2002). Art since 1960.  New   York:  Thames & Hudson.


Bersson, Robert. (2004). Responding to Art: Form, Content, and Context. NY: McGraw-Hill

            Higher Education.


Buser, Thomas. (2006). Experiencing Art Around Us. Thomason-Wadsworth Publishers.


Craven, Wayne.  (2010). American Art: History and Culture. NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.


Davis, Mary Jessica.  (2008). Why Our Schools Need the Arts. NY: Teacher’s College Press; and

      Reston, VA:  National Art Education Association.


Dempsey, Amy.  (2002). Art in the Modern Era: A Guide to Styles, Schools, and

Movements - 1860 to the Present.  New York: Abrams Publishing.


Eisner, Elliot.  (2002). The Arts & the Creation of the Mind.  Reston, VA: National Art Ed. Assoc.


Erickson, Mary.  (1999). Critics and Collectors:  African-American Art, Worlds of Art.


Fichner-Rathus, Lois.  (2007). Understanding Art, 8th edition.  Belmont, CA:

            Thomson Learning, Inc.


Getlein, Mark.  (2010). Living with Art, 9th edition.  NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.


Jansen, H.W. (2001).  History of Art.  New   York:  Abrams Publishing.


Kleiner, Fred S., et al.  (2005). Gardner’s Art through the Ages (10th edition.). 

            Belmont, CA:  Wadsworth-Thomson Learning Co.


Lippard, Lucy.  (2000). Mixed Blessings: New Art in a Multicultural World. NY: New Press/Norton.


Marquardt, Janet and Steven Eskilson. (2005). Frames of Reference: Art, History, and the World.

            NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.


Ocvirk, Otto G., et al.  (2009). Art Fundamentals: Theory and Practice (11th edition).

            NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.


Patton, Sharon.  (1998). African-American Art (Oxford History of Art). NY: Oxford Publishing.


Russell, Stella.  (1997). Art in the World, 4th ed.  Chicago:  Harcourt Brace College Publishers.


Stokstad, Marilyn, et al.  (1999). Art History.  Rev. ed.  New   York:  Harry N. Abrams. 

Views: 54

Reply to This

© 2022   Created by Dr. Jesse J. Hargrove.   Powered by

Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service